Introduction: Currently, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is treated with insulin and a high carbohydrate diet. In literature, there are studies indicating that low carbohydrate diets may be beneficial in reducing hypoglycemic episodes as well as the need for insulin. Previously, we reported a case of a 19-year-old T1DM patient who was successfully treated with a modified version of the ketogenic diet we refer to as the Paleolithic ketogenic diet.
Case Report: A nineyear-old child with T1DM who initially was on an insulin regime with high carbohydrate diet then was put on the Paleolithic ketogenic diet. Following dietary shift glucose levels normalized and he was able to discontinue insulin. No hypoglycemic episodes occurred on the diet and several other benefits were achieved including improved physical fitness, reduction of upper respiratory tract infections and eczema. Currently, he is on the diet for 19 months.
Conclusion: Adopting the Paleolithic ketogenic diet ensured normoglycemia without the use of external insulin. The diet was sustainable on the long-term. Neither complications nor side effects emerged on the diet.